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EMU Notes in Mineralogy - volume 18

Mineral fibres: Crystal chemistry, chemical-physical properties, biological interaction and toxicity

(A.F. Gualtieri, editor)


Asbestos is probably one of the most studied substances ever. Asbestos is synonymous with argument and controversy: it is magic but feared, essential but dreaded, a strategic natural raw material but a source of concern and hazard; it is banned but still used safely, and so the list goes on. Asbestos-related diseases are certainly of significant concern in terms of occupational and public health. Asbestos World Health Organisation officials estimate that 125,000,000 people worldwide are exposed annually to asbestos in occupational settings, and >100,000 people die annually of diseases associated with asbestos exposure. Use of asbestos has been banned in most developed countries, but chrysotile asbestos is still used in many developing countries.

This book presents the state of the art in the vast multidisciplinary research field of asbestos and of mineral fibres in general. The protagonists of the book are the mineral fibres with their immense complexity and poorly understood biochemical interactions. The approach of the chemist/mineralogist/crystallographer puts the fibre in focus whereas the approach of the biochemist/toxicologist/doctor assumes the perspective of the organism interacting with the fibre. The perspectives of both the ‘invader’ and the ‘invaded’ must be considered together to establish a conclusive model to explain the toxicity of mineral fibres. In fact, this sharing of different perspectives and working in a multidisciplinary way is the key to understanding the mechanism of asbestos-induced carcinogenesis.

ISBN: 9780903056656

xvii + 536 pp. 

£55 (institutions) or £40 (individuals)

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Chapter 1. Introduction
A. F. Gualtieri

Chapter 2. The crystal structure of mineral fibres
P. Ballirano, A. Bloise, A. F. Gualtieri, M. Lezzerini, A. Pacella, N. Perchiazzi M. Dogan and A. U. Dogan

Chapter 3. Crystal habit of mineral fibres
E. Belluso, A. Cavallo and D. Halterman

Chapter 4. Bulk spectroscopy of mineral fibres
G. B. Andreozzi and S. Pollastri

Chapter 5. The analysis of asbestos minerals using vibrational spectroscopies (FTIR, Raman): Crystal-chemistry, identification and environmental applications
G. Della Ventura

Chapter 6. Surface and bulk properties of mineral fibres relevant to toxicity
F. Turci, M. Tomatis and A. Pacella

Chapter 7. Thermal behaviour of mineral fibres
A. Bloise, R. Kusiorowski, M. Lassinantti Gualtieri and A. F. Gualtieri

Chapter 8. In vitro biological activity and mechanisms of lung and pleural cancers induced by mineral fibres
B. T. Mossman and A. Pugnaloni

Chapter 9. In vivo biological activity of mineral fibres
S. Capella, E. Belluso, N. Bursi Gandolfi, E. Tibaldi, D. Mandrioli and F. Belpoggi

Chapter 10. Dissolution and biodurability of mineral fibres
M. Rozale´n, F. J. Huertas, A. Pacella and P. Ballirano

Chapter 11. Epidemiological approaches to health effects of mineral fibres: Development of knowledge and current practice
B. W. Case and A. Marinaccio

Chapter 12. Differential pathological response and pleural transport of mineral fibres
D. M. Bernstein and E. N. Pavlisko

Chapter 13. Biological activities of asbestos and other mineral fibres
M. Carbone and H. Yang

Chapter 14. Insights into mineral fibre-induced lung epithelial cell toxicity and pulmonary fibrosis
R. P. Jablonski, S.-J. Kim, P. Cheresh and D. W. Kamp

Chapter 15. Towards a general model for predicting the toxicity and pathogenicity of mineral fibres
A. F. Gualtieri, B. T. Mossman and V. L. Roggli

£55 (institutions) or £40 (individuals)

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